Avant Thomas d’Aquin, Evagre le Pontique énumère les idées concupiscibles et irascibles qui donneront les intitulés des sept péchés capitaux :

Gourmandise, criminels identifiés par des morsures gourmandes
Avarice, les accumulations de Landru
Luxure, 20 000 femmes tondues lors de l’épuration à la Libération
Paresse, jarretelles tatouées sur des mollets poilus
Colère, affaire Secula, couteau de vannier
Envie, une bande de dévaliseurs de boutiques
Orgueil, Paul Ferdonnet, autoportrait ithyphallique

(Paul Ferdonnet, rédacteur des bulletins de Radio Humanité, 1939)


PWT 28-2018 Seven Deadly Sins

19.07.2018 P. Weekly Transmission 27-2018 presents: Giacomo Caneva, the Roman School of Photography and the early history of photography in China

Giacomo Caneva was born at Padua on the 4th of July 1813 of Giuseppe Caneva and Anna Pavan. There were four other children, Antonio, Giovanni, Camillo and Teresa, who died as a child. The father was well-to-do, and was the owner of the “Albergo al Principe Carlo” in Prato della Valle. Caneva left Padua on the 12th of November 1834 to register at the Regia Accademia di Belle Arti at Venice (Royal Academy of Fine Arts) where, in particular, he followed the School of the Perspective of Tranquillo Orsi. Here he qualified as a “perspective painter” and widened his knowledge of the camera obscura, which he used in his paintings.
In 1840, Caneva moved to Rome with Giuseppe Jappelli (1783-1851), called by Prince Alessandro Torlonia for the arrangement of greenery in the southern area of Villa Torlonia in Rome…

… His innate inclination for novelty awakened an interest in photography immediately after its invention. He began his photographic career as a daguerreotypist, according to notes left by his friend Tommaso Cuccioni, who later became a photographer himself. However, as things stand at present, his daguerreotypes cannot be individualized. He is recorded in the famous list of artists’ addresses which was begun at the Caffé Greco in 1845: “G. Caneva. Painter and Photographer, Via Sistina 100,” and then, “Via del Corso 446. near S. Carlo.” …

… Many calotypes of Giacomo Caneva were printed after his death by his friend Ludovico Tuminello who returned to Rome in 1869 after a long exile. Tuminello wrote captions on Caneva’s paper negatives and sold albumen prints with his own captions and name and this, before it was understood, created considerable confusion in the recent years…

… In 2012, some dozens of original photos of Caneva, taken during his 1859 trip to China, have appeared on the market of antiques photos, which were believed to be completely lost…


12.07.2018 PWT 26-2018 History of Political Party Funding : The 1907 Tiflis Bank Robbery

The 1907 Tiflis Bank Robbery, also known as the Yerevan Square Expropriation was an armed robbery on 26 June 1907 in the city of Tiflis in the Tiflis Governorate in the Caucasus Viceroyalty of the Russian Empire (now Georgia’s capital, Tbilisi). A bank cash shipment was stolen by Bolsheviks to fund their revolutionary activities. The robbers attacked a bank stagecoach and surrounding police and military using bombs and guns while the stagecoach was transporting money through Yerevan Square (now Freedom Square) between the post office and the Tiflis branch of the State Bank of the Russian Empire. The attack killed forty people and injured fifty others, according to official archive documents. The robbers escaped with 341,000 rubles (equivalent to around US 3.86 million in 2017).

The robbery was organized by a number of top-level Bolsheviks, including Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin, Maxim Litvinov, Leonid Krasin, and Alexander Bogdanov, and executed by a party of revolutionaries led by Stalin’s early associate Ter-Petrosian (Kamo).

The RSDLP, the predecessor to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, was formed in 1898. The goal of the RSDLP was to carry out a Marxist proletarian revolution against the Russian Empire. As part of their revolutionary activity, the RSDLP and other revolutionary groups (such as anarchists and Socialist Revolutionaries) practised a range of militant operations, including “expropriations”, a euphemism for armed robberies of government or private funds to support revolutionary activities.