The provisional government headed by de Gaulle placed Pétain on trial, which took place from 23 July to 15 August 1945, for treason.
Dressed in the uniform of a Marshal of France, Petain [1856-1951, then 89 years old] remained silent through most of the proceedings …”
“Vichy is right in the middle of France. This town of mud baths and colonic irrigation grew rich as a cure centre for rheumatism and liver complaints. Its mineral-rich sulphurous waters, running warm from the surrounding Auvergne volcanic mass, promised soothing baths and massage and, to sweeten the nights, there were casinos, upmarket restaurants and brothels. From the 1880s to the 1940s, Vichy was a high-class Las Vegas….” acces to complet article, the Guardian
Weekly transmission 34-2017 presents:
Vostok 3 meet Vostok 4 (ship-to-ship communications in space) II
Weekly Drawing by Théophile Bouchet: Back to Work next week VI
Yuri Gagarin (First Cosmonaut and First person in space) 1
Vladimir Komarov (First pilot of a in spacecraft) 2
Andriyan Nikolayev back to Earth (Third Sovietic Cosmonaut) 3-6
Third Soviet cosmonaut. He was an ethnic Chuvash. Nikolayev flew on two space flights: Vostok3 and Soyuz 9. His call sign in these flights was Falcon (Russian: Со́кол). On both, he set new endurance records for the longest time a human being had remained in orbit. He also served as backup for the Vostok 2 and Soyuz 8 missions.
On 22 January 1969, Nikolayev survived an assassination attempt on Leonid Brezhnev undertaken by a Soviet Army deserter, Viktor Ilyin.
They Shoot Horses, Don’t They? (On achève bien les chevaux)
Horse Meat is the Culinary Name for Meat Cut from a Horse
Écorcheurs et bouchers hippophages (French text)
Weekly Drawing by Théophile Bouchet: Friedrich Nietzsche went mad
Eleven Arystotypes: In The Slaughterhouse
… contre toute attente, les populations ne se pressèrent pas dans les boucheries hippophagiques.
PWT 33-2017 They Shoot Horses, Don’t They
Pendant le terrible hiver du Siège de Paris 1870-1871, les autorités distribuèrent la viande de 65.000 chevaux.
Dans Choses vues, Victor Hugo note : “Ce n’est même plus du cheval que nous mangeons. C’est peut-être du chien ? C’est peut-être du rat ? Je commence à avoir des maux d’estomac. Nous mangeons de l’inconnu” (30 décembre 1870).
Access to Les Garçons Bouchers, “Carnivore”, 1988 clip :
The term aristotype derives from the Greek ἄριστος (aristos) “excellent,” and τύπος (typos), impression. So the best way to print a photographic image. The name ‘aristotype’ was used indifferently for both gelatin and collodion base photographic coated paper.
Between the era of albumen (1850s-1890s) and the era of silver prints (1920s-1998s), aristotypes were very popular, neighboring pictorialist sophisticated processes as well as Kodak cameras. It is considered a very easy process for amateurs, avoiding many manipulations:
“There are many advantages: a greater sensitivity, a consistent quality, ease of treatment (fixing-toning in one bath) a glossy surface, and good resolution. Their prepared coating made them the precursors of 20th century photographic papers…”
Intensively used during twenty years (1895-1914), they disappeared during WWI. One reason of the decline is that aristotypes are contact prints … Continuer la lecture de « 10.08.2017 PWT 32-2017 The Rise and Decline of the Aristotype Process »